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Read Gen. 17.

I. God speaks here of establishing His covenant with Abraham and with His seed in their generations.

A. What is the covenant?

1. Is it the same in Old and New Testaments? Prove.

2. Are the promises of the covenant the same in both Old and New? Prove.

a. The promise

1) What is the central promise of the O.T.?

 2) How is this promise related to the N.T.?

b. The various aspects of the promise

1) How are the land of Canaan, the temple, the sacrifices, etc. related to the promise?

2) How are these same things related to the N.T.?

3. How is all this related to the question of infant baptism?

B. The covenant is with Abraham and with his seed

1. Who is Abraham? (cf. Gen. 5,11 in the light of Gen. 3:15)

a. Who are the seed promised in Gen. 3:15?

b. Are all the natural seed of the woman seed of the promise?

2. Who are the seed of Abraham? Prove. (Gen. 17, Rom. 9, Gal. 3)

a. Are all Jews true seed of Abraham?

b. Are N.T. saints children of Abraham?

3. How is this related to the doctrine of infant baptism?

a. What is the significance of passages like Hos. 1:10,11; Jer. 31:33,34; Amos 9:11-15 in connection with Rom. 9:24-26; Heb.  8:6-13; Acts 15:13-17?

b. Cf. also Rom. 4:11-16; 2:28,29; Gal. 3,4.

II. Circumcision is the sign of this covenant.

A. What is the meaning of circumcision?

1. Does baptism mean the same thing? Prove. Cf. also Baptism Form.

2. What is the significance of this fact for the doctrine of infant baptism?

a. What would you say to an argument like this: Circumcision, in addition to its spiritual significance, has a natural and national significance- the promise of temporal blessing, the land of Canaan, etc., which all Jews received. Therefore, circumcision was administered to all Jews. In the N.T. baptism has no natural or national significance. Only believers are the objects of the promise. Therefore, baptism must be administered only to believers?

1) Is this argument a misunderstanding of the character of  the O.T.?

2) What about the fact that the N.T. says that only the true spiritual seed are the children of Abraham?

3) How do you explain the fact that the land of Canaan, etc. have fallen away?

b. How is the answer to 2 above an argument against the Baptists?

B. Why was the sign of circumcision administered to all the males in Abraham’s  household?

1. Does this mean that all the children in Abraham’s house were saved?

a. What right do we have to baptize all our children when we know  that some are reprobate?

b.  Does the doctrine of the covenant make the people of God carnally secure?

 2. What is the organic conception in relation to the covenant? (Rom. 11, Mt. 13, Jn. 15)

III. Further arguments

A. Is there any proof that god saves only believers who are conscious of their salvation? Or does the evidence show that God saves children also?

B. What about passages like Acts 16:31?

C. Look at the fifth commandment and at the introduction to the law. Is there an argument here?

IV. What, in the light of the above, is the place of the baptized member in the church?an